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Contact us: (511) 445-2586 (511) 447-1972
(51) 997-887-977


Meet The Doctor

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Dr. Flavio A. Vasquez is committed to providing excellence in dentistry, and stands out as a leading dentist in Lima - Peru. He uses the latest in dental techniques and the best available materials to provide you with ...
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Av. Paseo de la República #6010
Suite #903
Parking Spots # 28 and 29
Basement Level 2
Miraflores, Lima -18- Perú
(511) 445-2586 (511) 447-1972
51) 997-887-977

Office Hours: Monday to Friday:
8:00 am - 1:00 pm
3:00 pm - 7:00 pm

Dental Implants


Gum Disease

Gum Disease

Screening for gum disease forms an integral part of your routine examination.

 There are two main forms of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontal disease.

What is gingivitis?

Gingivitis means inflammation of the gums. This is when the gums around the teeth become very red and swollen. Often the swollen gums bleed when they are brushed during cleaning.

What is periodontal disease?

Periodontal (gum) disease is an infection of the gums and bone that hold your teeth in place. Typically, periodontal disease occurs when plaque builds up on the teeth and hardens, often due to poor brushing habits. The gums can become swollen and red in the early stage of the disease (gingivitis).

Long-standing gingivitis can turn into periodontal disease. There are a number of types of periodontal disease and they all affect the tissues supporting the teeth. As the disease gets worse the bone anchoring the teeth in the jaw is lost, which can lead to sore and bleeding gums, pain while chewing, as well as making the teeth loose. If this is not treated, the teeth may eventually fall out.

What is the cause of gum disease?

All gum diseases are caused by plaque.

Plaque is a sticky, clear film which forms every day on teeth from food debris and bacteria. If plaque is not removed, it can lead to gum disease and cavities. Regular dental check ups, along with brushing and flossing every day, can help prevent plaque buildup on teeth. In addition, avoiding sugary snacks and eating a balanced diet can help control plaque and harmful bacteria.

Many of the bacteria in plaque are completely harmless, but there are some that have been shown to be the main cause of gum disease. To prevent and treat gum disease, you need to make sure you remove all the plaque from your teeth every day. This is done by brushing and flossing.

What happens if gum disease is not treated?

Unfortunately, gum disease progresses painlessly on the whole so that you do not notice the damage it is doing. However, the bacteria are sometimes more active and this makes your gums sore. This can lead to gum abscesses, and pus may ooze from around the teeth. Over a number of years, the bone supporting the teeth can be lost. If the disease is left untreated for a long time, treatment can become more difficult.

How do I know if I have gum disease?

The following are signs of periodontal (gum) disease, and you should contact your dentist if you experience any of these:

  • gums that bleed while brushing
  • red, swollen or tender gums
  • gums that have pulled away from the teeth
  • bad breath that doesn't go away
  • pus between your teeth and gums
  • loose teeth
  • a change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
  • a change in the fit of partial dentures

How can I prevent periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease can be prevented by practicing good oral hygiene. This includes brushing, flossing, and visiting you dentist regularly. Also make sure to eat a healthy diet to get the required vitamins and minerals necessary for your teeth.

Periodontal Therapy

When we examine your teeth, one of the areas we look at is the health of the periodontal tissues (gums) in your mouth.  The health of your periodontium (gums) is not only important to the retention of your teeth but recent studies are showing that it can have an effect on your overall health. Research is showing links between untreated periodontal disease and heart/vascular disease.  So, keeping your gums healthy may also keep the rest of your body healthy!

How it's done

The area(s) that are in need of treatment are numbed up.  A professional will use various instruments to clean the tooth surface under the gum line.  One instrument that is often used in periodontal treatment is an ultrasonic hand-piece.  Not only does this instrument clean the tooth surface but it also washes out any debris and kills bacteria present.  At the end of treatment you will be instructed on how to maintain healthy gums at home and we will set up a more frequent cleaning schedule for you.